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Centro de Interpretação do Castro do Vieito - Perre (EN)

Perre Viana do Castelo PT

Castro do Vieito Interpretation Center - Perre

The Castro do Vieito was found during the construction of the A28 and the A27. The new Center, which opened its doors on September 16, 2017 in the former Escola das Portelas, aims to preserve, enhance and musealize the archaeological area.

The Castro do Vieito, located on the right bank of the Lima River, forms part of the Serra de Perre, occupying a small hill surrounded by the slopes of the ribeiro valley of Portuzelo - Outeiro. It is a fortified village of the traditional type with medium dimensions, due to the staggering terrain. It has a defensive system based on two walls, reinforced by a moat of the north side and complemented by a turret.

The excavation of the site, which occurred between 2004 and 2005, corresponded to around 15,000 m2, and showed that the village reached its peak during the Tibero-Claudian period (mid to late I century BC), where it had a higher density of housing, technical evolution and comfort in all its economic and cultural aspects.

It was a town of great contacts with the outside, as can be verified by the large amount of imported material (large quantity of amphoras). The Lima River was a communication route par excellence for the transport of goods. The existence of metals and consequent exploitation in the area also had great importance for the inhabitants of this castro.

In view of the findings, it was decided to musealize through the Archeology Office of the City Hall, the University of Coimbra and the D. Diogo de Sousa Museum, where several artifacts of value were found, namely a stonecutter in the form of a head various amphorae, ceramics, silver coins, earrings and other objects of adornment, agricultural implements, among others.